Rubberwood--The Eco-friendly Timber


TreesWhat is Rubberwood?

Rubber plantations have existed for hundreds of years in tropical countries. These plantations have been used mainly for the production of latex. After the economic life of the rubber tree, which is generally 30 years, the latex yields become extremely low and the planters then fell the rubber trees and plant new ones. This eco-friendly Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) is an excellent timber to use and its various attributes are outlined here:


A piece of Plywood Colour Pale cream to yellowish brown. Oxidative discolouration can be limited by rapid production sequence and vacuum drying
Grain pattern Mostly straight. A cross section of Rubberwood shows few concentric markings reminiscent of growth rings. These markings combined with the large vessels in structure give an attractive appearance with clear patterns on the longitudinal surface. Many characteristics of Rubberwood are similar to Ramin wood.
Structure Uniform in structure with an excellent 'Timber' feel.
Green Density 800 kg/m
Density at 12% m.c. 600–620 kg/m (light)
Relative Density 0.63–0.66 (moderately heavy timber)
Volume Shrinkage Negligible and comparable to Dark Red Meranti
Tangential 1.4%, Radial 1%
Compression Strength
(Parallel to Grain)
(Perpendicular to Grain)
32 N/mm
4.69 N/mm
Bending Strength
(Modulus of Rupture)
66 N/mm
Sheer Parallel to Grain 11 N/mm
Modulus of Elasticity 9240 N/mm


Durability Resistant to many fungal, bacterial and mould attacks can also be made resistant to other specific susceptibilities.
Gluing Good and compatible with almost all industrial grade adhesives--its glue bond strength is high.
Machining Easy to saw, machine, plane, turn and bore.
The resultant surfaces are fairly smooth
Nail holding Average of Radial Tengential value
Average of end values
91 kg
53 kg
Screw holding Average of Radial Tengential value
Average of end values
267 kg
164 kg



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